Editor of. You can take a boat ride (Shikara) on the serene Dal Lake, get a view of the city from the top of Shankaracharya Temple and book a stay in the iconic houseboats on your trip to J&K. The Vale of Kashmir is a deep asymmetrical basin lying between the Pir Panjal Range and the western end of the Great Himalayas at an average elevation of 5,300 feet (1,620 metres). A strong earthquake centred in neighbouring Pakistani-administered Kashmir killed hundreds in Jammu and Kashmir state in 2005. 4. It is drained principally by the Jhelum, Punch, and Chenab rivers. It lies in the southwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir along the Tawi River, south of Srinagar (the summer capital), and to the north is the Siwalik Range. Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from 1954 to 2019, constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the mid-20th century. Jammu and Kashmir, union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. Nishat gardens, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Jammu-and-Kashmir, Official Site of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir, India, CRW Flags - Flag of Jammu and Kashmir, India, Jammu and Kashmir - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Jammu And Kashmir. During Pleistocene times it was occupied at times by a body of water known as Lake Karewa; it is now filled by lacustrine (still water) sediments as well as alluvium deposited by the upper Jhelum River. You are sure to fall in love with this natural haven! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Srinagar is the summer capital, that is in between the months’ May and October and Jammu is the winter capital that … The town of Leh stands on such a fan, 11,500 feet (3,500 metres) above sea level, with a climate characterized by an almost total lack of precipitation, by intense insolation (exposure to sunlight), and by great diurnal and annual ranges of temperature. Streams and settlements in the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Dal Lake, with its “floating gardens,” is a well-known attraction, as are the nearby Shalimar and Nishat gardens. Srinagar is well known for its many mosques and temples; the Hazratbal Mosque contains a hair that reportedly belonged to the Prophet Muhammad, and the Jāmiʿ Masjid (Congregational Mosque), built in the 15th century, is said to be the largest mosque in Kashmir. The inner zone consists of more-massive sedimentary rock, including red sandstones of Miocene age (roughly 5.3 to 23 million years old), that has been folded, fractured, and eroded to form steep spurs and plateau remnants. Spituk Gustor Zanskar is a traditional festivals of Jammu and Kashmir. The climate is characterized by annual precipitation of about 30 inches (750 mm), derived partially from the summer monsoon and partially from storms associated with winter low-pressure systems. Jammu is the the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. By Oona Räisänen (Mysid) - Own work. Jammu and Kashmir, a union territory of India (until October 31, 2019, a state), situated in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent has two capitals. In its upper reaches the river is flanked by gravel terraces; each tributary builds an alluvial fan out into the main valley. Srinagar city -- the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir -- recorded a low of minus 0.9 degrees Celsius -- up from the previous night''s minus 1.5 degrees Celsius, they said. From southwest to northeast those zones consist of the plains, the foothills, the Pir Panjal Range, the Vale of Kashmir, the Great Himalayas zone, the upper Indus River valley, and the Karakoram Range. Corrections? The Vale of Kashmir contains the area’s most fertile agricultural land and is one of the most densely populated parts of the Kashmir region. Jammu, city, winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir union territory, northern India. The Kashmir Valley reeled under severe cold, with Srinagar city — the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir — recording its lowest minimum temperature in … The city is known for its … Life depends on meltwater from the surrounding mountains, and vegetation is alpine (i.e., consists of species above the tree line), growing on thin soils. The outer zone consists of sandstones, clays, silts, and conglomerates, influenced by Himalayan folding movements and eroded to form long ridges and valleys called duns. The great granite-gneiss massifs of the Karakoram Range—which straddles the Indian and Pakistani sectors of Kashmir—contain some of the world’s highest peaks. Omissions? Jammu and Kashmir, formerly one of the largest princely states of India, is bounded to the northeast by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China), to the east by the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) and the Chinese-administered portions of Kashmir, to the south by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, to the southwest by Pakistan, and to the northwest by the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir. Legislation passed in August 2019 set the stage for downgrading Jammu and Kashmir from statehood to union territory status and splitting off a part of it, known as the Ladakh region, into a separate union territory. Srinagar (/ ˈsriːnəɡər / (listen)) is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The entire region is prone to violent seismic activity, and light to moderate tremors are common. 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