[87][88] In 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer the islands but was defeated. The textile industry in Bombay largely disappeared after the widespread 1982 Great Bombay Textile Strike, in which nearly 250,000 workers in more than 50 textile mills went on strike. The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. Services are provided by both government agencies as well as private partners. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. Mumbai also has a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (TADA) court for people accused of conspiring and abetting acts of terrorism in the city. Nearby: NESCO IT Park Nirlon Knowledge Park PVR ICON McDonald's ... 2.0 KM away. [26] In 1817, the British East India Company under Mountstuart Elphinstone defeated Baji Rao II, the last of the Maratha Peshwa in the Battle of Khadki. The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Bollywood, the Hindi film industry based in Mumbai, produces around 150–200 films every year. [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. In the Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Congress party demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state. In the final they lost 3–4 to the Chennai Smashers. Mumbai's business opportunities attract migrants from all over India. [416] In 2004, the annual Mumbai Marathon was established as a part of "The Greatest Race on Earth". [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. "[55] Slate also said "The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region. [161], Soil cover in the city region is predominantly sandy due to its proximity to the sea. [160] The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity, while the western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [371] The city also hosts the Marathi film industry which has seen increased popularity in recent years, and TV production companies. The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. Within a KM. Flats for rent near Birla College. Following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the city was rocked by the Hindu-Muslim riots of 1992–93 in which more than 1,000 people were killed. The name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess (kuladevata) Mumbadevi of the native Koli community—[38] and ā'ī meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, which is the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra. [330] Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. [111] Later, the British occupied Salsette on 28 December 1774. Population density (people per sq. Estimated EMI. "[56] While the city is still referred to as Bombay by some of its residents and by Indians from other regions,[57][58] mention of the city by a name other than Mumbai has been controversial, resulting in emotional outbursts sometimes of a violently political nature. As per a report by United Nations Habitat Data in 2018, Mumbai is the second most populated city in the world after Bangladesh capital, Dhaka with 44,500 people living in one sq. Area. The Navi Mumbai project began in 1971 with the formation of City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). [149] Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. In March 1993, a series of 13 coordinated bombings at several city landmarks by Islamic extremists and the Bombay underworld resulted in 257 deaths and over 700 injuries. [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region which includes portions of Thane, Palghar and Raigad districts in addition to Greater Mumbai, covers an area of 4,355 km2 (1681.5 sq mi). [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. MUMBAI: The contours of India's first major smart city are taking shape over a 75 sq km area encompassing seven nodes in Navi Mumbai, and one new township abutting the upcoming airport. Navi Mumbai, developed as one of the largest planned cities in the world, was promoted by a Maharashtra Government-owned company, City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). km. Mumbai City District is a district of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.As a city district, it has no headquarters or subdivisions. Marathi dailies enjoy the maximum readership share in the city and the top Marathi language newspapers are Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal. [222] A member of parliament (MP) to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, is elected from each of the parliamentary constituencies. [256], The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. As of 2014[update], Mumbai had the highest number of internet users in India with 16.4 million users.[304]. [65] Perhaps at the beginning of the Common Era, or possibly earlier, they came to be occupied by the Koli fishing community. Due to a shortage of grounds, various modified versions (generally referred to as gully cricket) are played everywhere. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. [146] From being an ancient fishing community and a colonial centre of trade, Mumbai has become South Asia's largest city and home of the world's most prolific film industry. [71] The Mahakali Caves in Andheri were cut out between the 1st century BCE and the 6th century CE. In the 2019 national election, all six parliamentary constituencies were won by the BJP and Shiv Sena in alliance, with both parties winning three seats each. 400 Sqft. [278], Mumbai is served by two major ports, Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, which lies just across the creek in Navi Mumbai. Find Out [219], In 1989, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a major national political party, forged an electoral alliance with the Shiv Sena to dislodge the Congress in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly elections. [142] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries. All executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. With an area of 4,355 km², Mumbai stand at first position among all cities in India. Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area consisting of Mumbai and its satellite towns in Maharashtra, India.The region has an area of 6,355 square kilometers and with a population of over 26 million it is among the most populous metropolitan areas in the world.. [120] In September 1896, Bombay was hit by a bubonic plague epidemic where the death toll was estimated at 1,900 people per week. Let’s go over the concepts first: City: Defined by municipal limits Example: Delhi is a city; Gurgaon is a separate city. [192] This is facilitated by the presence of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), and financial sector regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of nine municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. [322] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. [45] In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. Mumbai is known to be the financial capital of India. The below list is about the area of largest cities in India. Rugby is another growing sport in Mumbai with league matches being held at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November. [366] Mumbai also has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius. [232], Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Monorail, Metro, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black-and-yellow meter taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries. Spread over 307,713 km 2 (118,809 sq mi), it is the third-largest state by area in India. Mumbai is comprised of two regions, which are Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban. [389] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. [320], The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991–2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net addition to the population of Mumbai. [49] Ali Muhammad Khan, imperial dewan or revenue minister of the Gujarat province, in the Mirat-i Ahmedi (1762) referred to the city as Manbai. ... of which 61,579 sq. [237] Mumbai's suburban rail systems carried a total of 6.3 million passengers every day in 2007. [64] It is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited. [133] The Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA) was established on 26 January 1975 by the Government of Maharashtra as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Bombay metropolitan region. [391] Government Law College and Sydenham College, respectively the oldest law and commerce colleges in India, are based in Mumbai. [399] The Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also based in the city. The area of Bombay State increased, after several erstwhile princely states that joined the Indian union were integrated into the state. [167] The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. The region has an area of 6,355 square kilometers[1] and with a population of over 26 million it is among the most populous metropolitan areas in the world.[2]. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. [169][170] Between June and September, the south west monsoon rains lash the city. [191], Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since then diversified to include finance, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology. Its fleet consists of single-decker, double-decker, vestibule, low-floor, disabled-friendly, air-conditioned and Euro III compliant diesel and compressed natural gas powered buses. [15] Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. [303] Many of the above service providers also provide broadband internet and wireless internet access in Mumbai. [152] Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft);[153] the city has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). Ambarnath, Kulgaon-Badalapur, Matheran, Karjat, Khopoli, Pen, Uran, Alibaug and Palghar, along with more than 1,000 … [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. [228][229][230] In the 2012 municipal corporation elections, out of the 227 seats, the Shiv Sena-BJP alliance secured 107 seats, holding power with the support of independent candidates in the MCGM, while the Congress-NCP alliance bagged 64 seats. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India. [327], Native Christians include East Indian Catholics, who were converted by the Portuguese during the 16th century,[328] while Goan and Mangalorean Catholics also constitute a significant portion of the Christian community of the city. Greater Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan-Dombivali, Navi Mumbai, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi- Nizamapur, Vasai-Virar, Mira-Bhayandar and Panvel; and 9 Municipal Councils viz. [174][175], Air pollution is a major issue in Mumbai. [72][73], Between the 2nd century BCE and 9th century CE, the islands came under the control of successive indigenous dynasties: Satavahanas, Western Satraps, Abhira, Vakataka, Kalachuris, Konkan Mauryas, Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas,[74] before being ruled by the Shilaharas from 810 to 1260. Subsequently, the city became the capital of Bombay State. [215] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its Currently, the area of Chennai is 1,189 sq km, Mumbai 4,354 sq km, Hyderabad 7,100 sq km and Bengaluru 8,005 sq km. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. Average living space in Mumbai: Each resident has just 8 sq m to call own “The per capita residential area currently available in Mumbai is just 8.3 square metre,” the survey’s findings state. [162] The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. [258] Though 88% of the city's commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. Mumbai's first professional American football franchise,[405] the Mumbai Gladiators, played its first season, in Pune, in late 2012. Mumbai City district is situated in Maharashtra state. [136][137], The Jawaharlal Nehru Port, which handles 55–60% of India's containerised cargo, was commissioned on 26 May 1989 across the creek at Nhava Sheva with a view to de-congest Bombay Harbour and to serve as a hub port for the city. The black and yellow Premier Padmini Taxis are iconic of Mumbai. [358] Popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha. From 1665 to 1666, the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala. 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